Questions of Jesus – disciples on the road – [Notes for today’s talk at Church]


17th April – Questions of Jesus – disciples on the road

Readings:- Luke 24.13-32    Mathew 1 1-17

Themes

– God graciously revealing himself through Jesus to us

– Bringing all our questions about God to Jesus

– Great Joy at Jesus/God being in our lives

– a message literally for all, whoever they are

  • Read Luke first

 

  • As These people walked together I wondered what Jesus said to help show them scripture? May be he started with his background as Matthew would list it, showing his links back to the beginning of Jewish history.

Matthew 1 This is a record of the ancestors of Jesus the Messiah, a descendant of David and of Abraham:

Abram encountered God and was call to move, by faith he followed Gods lead.

He then argued with God over Sodom.

He sinned by lying about his wife Sarah, but showed love and generosity with Lot.

[Genesis 17 Then God said to him,“This is my covenant with you: I will make you the father of a multitude of nations! What’s more, I am changing your name. It will no longer be Abram. Instead, you will be called Abraham, for you will be the father of many nations. I will make you extremely fruitful. Your descendants will become many nations, and kings will be among them! “I will confirm my covenant with you and your descendants after you, from generation to generation. This is the everlasting covenant: I will always be your God and the God of your descendants after you.

Abraham was the father of Isaac.   [19 But God replied, “No—Sarah, your wife, will give birth to a son for you. You will name him Isaac, and I will confirm my covenant with him and his descendants as an everlasting covenant.]  It was important that Sarah was the mother rather than her servant girl with Abraham as the father, the women was as important to the line as the man.

 

Isaac was the father of Jacob.   [Gen 32 & 35 Angels met him, he wrestles with God and his name is changed to Israel].  “God appeared to him again at Bethel. God blessed him, 10 saying, “Your name is Jacob, but you will not be called Jacob any longer. From now on your name will be Israel.” So God renamed him Israel.   11 Then God said, “I am El-Shaddai—‘God Almighty.’ Be fruitful and multiply. You will become a great nation, even many nations.”

The renewal of the covenant covering all nations.

Jacob was the father of Judah and his brothers.   [including Joseph the dreamer and the one who brought them to Egypt to save them from famine. ]

Gen 49 “Judah, your brothers will praise you. You will grasp your enemies by the neck.  All your relatives will bow before you.
Judah, my son, is a young lion     that has finished eating its prey.  Like a lion he crouches and lies down;  like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?

10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,     nor the ruler’s staff from his descendants, until the coming of the one to whom it belongs  the one whom all nations will honor.

11 He ties his foal to a grapevine,  the colt of his donkey to a choice vine.  He washes his clothes in wine,  his robes in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes are darker than wine,  and his teeth are whiter than milk.

 

Again the covenant goes on.
 

 

Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah (whose mother was Tamar).  [Judah was a brother of Joseph, Tamar was his daughter in law see Gen 38, both of her husbands sons of Judah had died and she tricked Judah into having sex with her]
Perez was the father of Hezron.
Hezron was the father of Ram

 

Ram was the father of Amminadab.
Amminadab was the father of Nahshon. 

[1 Chronicles 2 The sons of Hezron were Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb. 10 Ram was the father of Amminadab.   Amminadab was the father of Nahshon, a leader of Judah.    Nahshon was the ruler of the tribe of Judah, Numbers 1 ]

Nahshon was the father of Salmon.


Salmon was the father of Boaz (whose mother was Rahab).

[the tavern women who protected the spies in Joshua 2, God including all who have faith in him ]


Boaz was the father of Obed (whose mother was Ruth).

[Book of Ruth, Ruth was a Moabite, again God including foreigners again]


Obed was the father of Jesse. 

[whose sons were fighting with King Saul]

 


Jesse was the father of King David. 

 [slayer of the giant, hunted by the King Saul.  God cutting across the Kingly line and planning ahead]

David was the father of Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah).

[Bathsheba had been taken by David and her husband killed. Solomon was the wise, the builder of the temple. collector of wise sayings.  However he fell from following the Lord and things went wrong mainly due to the number of non believing wife’s he had]

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon was the father of Rehoboam.

[1 Kings 12 – his mother was a Ammonite – He listened to bad advice and split the nation into two, Judah and Israel]

so now we only follow the line of Judah


Rehoboam was the father of Abijah.

[He continued to commit sins as his father had done.
Abijah was the father of Asa

[Asa did what was right in the eyes of the Lord 1 Kings 15:11 he cut down the Asherah poles He followed the Lords path]

 

 
Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat.

[linked by marriage to Ahab of Israel, He walked in the way of the Lord, he did not stop worship of idols time of Elijah the Prophet]


Jehoshaphat was the father of Jehoram.[d]
[ he did evil in the eyes of God.]

 

Jehoram was the father[e] of Uzziah.  [or ancestor he also did evil in Gods eyes 2 Kings 8]

 

Uzziah was the father of Jotham.

[Mother was the a daughter of Zadok, he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord 2 Kings 15]


Jotham was the father of Ahaz.
[2 Kings 16 – he followed the ways of the other kingdoms and even sacrificed his son in the fire. He became an ally of Assyria and worshiped their gods. Destruction of the land of Israel]

 

Ahaz was the father of Hezekiah.

2 Kings 18 – [He did right in the Lords eyes,  he removed the poles and idols. He trusted in the Lord he rebelled against Assyria. Isaiah and the fall of the Assyrian king,

 

 


10 Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh.

[2 Kings 21 – he rebuilt the poles and idols and did evil in the eyes of the Lord. ]


Manasseh was the father of Amon.[f]
[2 Kings 21 – He also did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

 

Amon was the father of Josiah.

[2 Kings 22 – he did what was right in Gods eyes, repaired the temple and found the book of the law. He then renewed the covenant with the people and God.]

 

11 Josiah was the father of Jehoiachin[g] and his brothers (born at the time of the exile to Babylon).
2 Kings 23/24 – Assyria has fallen and Babylon captured Jerusalem]

 

[with no kings this part of the list has to be taken on trust, but the fact that they are more recent and link back should give us confidence in them, however like all long family trees the odd error of name does not make it inaccurate]

 

12 After the Babylonian exile:
Jehoiachin was the father of Shealtiel.
Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel.
13 Zerubbabel was the father of Abiud.
Abiud was the father of Eliakim.
Eliakim was the father of Azor.

14 Azor was the father of Zadok.
Zadok was the father of Akim.
Akim was the father of Eliud.
15 Eliud was the father of Eleazar.
Eleazar was the father of Matthan.
Matthan was the father of Jacob.

16 Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary.
Mary gave birth to Jesus, who is called the Messiah.

17 All those listed above include fourteen generations from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah.

 

  • Then may be he had them think about some of the prophesies in scripture and opened there eyes to what they meant

 

Page  706  – Micah 5 2 But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah,
are only a small village among all the people of Judah.
Yet a ruler of Israel,
whose origins are in the distant past,
will come from you on my behalf.

 

Page  522 –  Isaiah 7 14 All right then, the Lord himself will give you the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel (which means ‘God is with us’).

 

Page 549 – Isaiah 42

Look at my servant, whom I strengthen.
    He is my chosen one, who pleases me.
I have put my Spirit upon him.
    He will bring justice to the nations.    He will bring justice to all who have been wronged.
He will not falter or lose heart
until justice prevails throughout the earth.
Even distant lands beyond the sea will wait for his instruction.[a]

God, the Lord, created the heavens and stretched them out.
He created the earth and everything in it.
He gives breath to everyone,
life to everyone who walks the earth.
And it is he who says,
“I, the Lord, have called you to demonstrate my righteousness.
I will take you by the hand and guard you,
and I will give you to my people, Israel,
as a symbol of my covenant with them.
And you will be a light to guide the nations.
    You will open the eyes of the blind.
You will free the captives from prison,
releasing those who sit in dark dungeons.

 

Page  422 – Psalm 22

My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?
Why are you so far away when I groan for help?
Yet you brought me safely from my mother’s womb
and led me to trust you at my mother’s breast.
10 I was thrust into your arms at my birth.
You have been my God from the moment I was born.

 

16 My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs;
an evil gang closes in on me.
They have pierced[a] my hands and feet.
17 I can count all my bones.
My enemies stare at me and gloat.
18 They divide my garments among themselves
and throw dice[b] for my clothing.

 

Page  417 – Psalm  9  “He will judge the world with justice
and rule the nations with fairness. ”

 

Page  240 – 2 Samuel 7 12 For when you die and are buried with your ancestors, I will raise up one of your descendants, your own offspring, and I will make his kingdom strong. 13 He is the one who will build a house—a temple—for my name. And I will secure his royal throne forever.

 

 

Page  559 – Isaiah 53

My servant grew up in the Lord’s presence like a tender green shoot,
like a root in dry ground.
There was nothing beautiful or majestic about his appearance,
nothing to attract us to him.
He was despised and rejected—
a man of sorrows, acquainted with deepest grief.
We turned our backs on him and looked the other way.
He was despised, and we did not care.

Yet it was our weaknesses he carried;
it was our sorrows[a] that weighed him down.
And we thought his troubles were a punishment from God,
a punishment for his own sins!
But he was pierced for our rebellion,
crushed for our sins.
He was beaten so we could be whole.
He was whipped so we could be healed.
All of us, like sheep, have strayed away.
We have left God’s paths to follow our own.
Yet the Lord laid on him
the sins of us all.

 

 

These are just a few Jesus will have talked about to the two as they walked, but as they explored them together it opened their eyes and they saw.

Just as Philip spoke to the Ethiopian explaining these things and bringing him to repentance and Baptism. Acts 8 Page 837

 

This is not for a few but for all as Jesus said, confirming Isaiah 42:6 [And you will be a light to guide the nations] as he talks about being given the people all the people not just some.

Page  819 – John 10  29 for my Father has given them to me, and he is more powerful than anyone else.[d] No one can snatch them from the Father’s hand. 30 The Father and I are one.”

 

Will you let Gods Spirit lead you through scripture and show you Jesus and then will you let Jesus show you the Father?   [talk about cell groups]

 

When you do your life will be filled with the Joy of the Lord and forever changed as many of the people whose lives the bible follow show..

 

Let us pray

 

Weekly thought [for church news sheet]

“What are you discussing so intently as you walk along?”[1]

This is what Jesus asked two people walking along after his death. It is still the question he asks us today as he wants to know what’s on our minds.

They were wondering if this Jesus was the promised one and if so what had happened after all wasn’t he supposed to free us from Rome and restore the kingdom of Israel.

Many today still wonder if Jesus was who he said he was and how that related to them and the world around them.

Jesus gently lead these two, as he will us, through scripture showing how it all points to him and what had happened and that the promise of a new kingdom and freedom came true in him. I wonder if he started with a list of his ancestors just like Matthew did at the start of his book[2]. Thereby showing the hand of the Father guiding and directing history so that the people could be saved and in relationship with God. Various things happened over many years to bring Jesus as the end result of Gods plan the coming of the new kingdom for all not just Israel but for all nations and all people. “Look at my servant, whom I strengthen.  He is my chosen one, who pleases me. I have put my Spirit upon him. He will bring justice to the nations.”[3]

Suddenly, their eyes were opened, and they recognized him[4] Just as Moses and Abram and onwards to the disciples and then Paul peoples eyes were opened and many more have been since.  When we look at the evidence with Jesus guiding us we will also have our eyes opened to His kingdom and what it means for us, a new joy in our lives as his kingdom enters us.

Luke 24  The Walk to Emmaus

13 That same day two of Jesus’ followers were walking to the village of Emmaus, seven miles[c] from Jerusalem. 14 As they walked along they were talking about everything that had happened. 15 As they talked and discussed these things, Jesus himself suddenly came and began walking with them. 16 But God kept them from recognizing him.

17 He asked them, “What are you discussing so intently as you walk along?”

They stopped short, sadness written across their faces. 18 Then one of them, Cleopas, replied, “You must be the only person in Jerusalem who hasn’t heard about all the things that have happened there the last few days.”

19 “What things?” Jesus asked.

“The things that happened to Jesus, the man from Nazareth,” they said. “He was a prophet who did powerful miracles, and he was a mighty teacher in the eyes of God and all the people. 20 But our leading priests and other religious leaders handed him over to be condemned to death, and they crucified him. 21 We had hoped he was the Messiah who had come to rescue Israel. This all happened three days ago.

22 “Then some women from our group of his followers were at his tomb early this morning, and they came back with an amazing report. 23 They said his body was missing, and they had seen angels who told them Jesus is alive! 24 Some of our men ran out to see, and sure enough, his body was gone, just as the women had said.”

25 Then Jesus said to them, “You foolish people! You find it so hard to believe all that the prophets wrote in the Scriptures. 26 Wasn’t it clearly predicted that the Messiah would have to suffer all these things before entering his glory?” 27 Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.

28 By this time they were nearing Emmaus and the end of their journey. Jesus acted as if he were going on, 29 but they begged him, “Stay the night with us, since it is getting late.” So he went home with them. 30 As they sat down to eat,[d] he took the bread and blessed it. Then he broke it and gave it to them. 31 Suddenly, their eyes were opened, and they recognized him. And at that moment he disappeared!

32 They said to each other, “Didn’t our hearts burn within us as he talked with us on the road and explained the Scriptures to us?”

 

[1] Luke 24 17

[2] Matthew 1

[3] Isaiah 42 1

[4] Luke 24 31

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